The Future of universities-academic freedom – autonomy and competition revisited

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources

Over the last 50 years, universities and tertiary education have experienced a remarkable, unprecedented expansion. Europe, the continent with the oldest universities, provides a case in point: Before- World War II, only around 150,000 students were enrolled altogether in the U.K., France and Germany (Hobsbawm, 2013, p. 2). Nowadays, the area of London alone  

The university in the 21st century

GK Challenges, Contributions, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

The University is one of the greatest inventions of the second millennium (Rhodes, 1998). Europe can be particularly proud of this, given that the University is first and foremost a European institution which — while keeping its essential characteristics — has since spread worldwide (Rüegg, 1992). Universities have shown themselves to be particularly resilient organizations: created up to 900 years …

Intellectual change – creating the university of the 21st century

GK Challenges, Contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

Change has typically come so slowly to higher education that someeducators have been known to tell a joke about a man, similar toRip Van Winkle in the classic Washington Irving short story by the same name, who woke up after being asleep for hundreds of years to find that the only thing he recognizes from life before his extended nap …

A business model for the 21st century european university

GK Challenges, Contributions, Governance

“The world is moving in the American direction. More universities in more countries are charging students tuition fees,” says The Economist (2015). Of course, there is more to the American university model than merely tuition. Many of us have benefitted from the opportunities of great American research universities. Some of us have further implemented their spirit within a European university …

Reinventing greatness – responding to urgent global level responsibilities

GK Challenges, Contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

In this chapter I reflect on the contemporary significance of knowledgeinstitutions, and particularly research universities, for both emerging andestablished economies and for the world as a whole, but with particular reference to South Africa and Africa. As knowledge institutions have become ever more central to human social and economic development,  

The social and political responsibilities of research universities

GK Challenges, Contributions, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

This paper attempts to come up with possible answers to the question:“What do universities consider to be their most important prioritiesand responsibilities in 1) addressing the challenges facing their institutions; and 2) expectations arising from their societies at the local, regional or global level?” Specifically, I wish to address some possible inconsistencies between a university’s strategy and external societal and …

The impact of China’s economic rise

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources

China’s continuous economic rise in the last three decades has beenone of the most dramatic events in world history. In addition to liftinghundreds of millions people out of poverty, creating a huge middle class with increasing disposable income and modernizing China’s economic structure, this rise has also affected the rest of the world in many ways.

Fault Lines in the Compact : Higher Education and the Public Interest in the United States

LW Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources

The research university stands as one of the most admired and emulated of American institutions. Year after year, American universities dominate the international rankings of institutions of higher education. The demand for places in American programs continues to grow, and the quality of matriculating students continues to improve. The prospects for students graduating from American universities continue to strengthen, as …

The changing Nature and Character of research Universities : New Paradigms

LW Challenges, Contributions

WHY NEW PARADIGMS ARE NEEDED FOR RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES The research university in its current form represents a remarkable and successful model where education and research and its application are brought together in synergistic ways that produce valuable new ideas, insights, products and services, as well as thought-leadership that informs policy and action (National Research Council of the National Academies, 2012). …

How to Answer the Utilitarian Assault on Higher Education?

LW Challenges, Contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

GROWING PRESSURES TO ADOPT UTILITARIAN MISSION Across the country, state governors and governing boards are demanding that undergraduate education focus on the preparation of students for immediate jobs, thus promoting vocationalism above all other purposes of education, in fact, often to the exclusion of all other purposes. • In some cases, governors suggest making state funding for public universities dependent …

Contemporary challenges for the Swiss – and the continental European – university system

LW Challenges, Contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

A SLIGHT DISCOMFORT These are very interesting times for university education at the world level, and Switzerland is indeed no exception to this generalization. The importance of higher education in our societies and our economies is being constantly stressed, universities enjoy a higher level of institutional autonomy worldwide than was the case even a few years ago, and a more …

The Strategic Repositioning of Research Universities to fulfil their Global Promise

LW Challenges, Contributions, Governance

The relevance of universities has become a theme of public debate, reflecting the anxiety and excitement surrounding changing forces in the larger context of globalization, as well as widespread concern with regard to basic economic and societal well-being. Despite a whirlwind of change and transformation, universities have been stable, resilient and durable social institutions. Résumé, en principe début du chapitre …

The Impact of Technology on Discovery and Learning

LW Challenges, Contributions, Governance

Today, our world has entered a period of rapid and profound economic, social and political transformation driven by knowledge and innovation. Educated people, the knowledge they produce and the innovation and entrepreneurial skills they possess have become the keys to economic prosperity, public health, national security and social well-being. It has become apparent that economic strength, prosperity and social welfare …

Challenges in Establishing a Top Research University

LW Challenges, Contributions, Governance

The historical development of research universities and their roles in society has been articulated in many articles and documents. Since their inception, distinguished research universities have generated leaders in virtually every field and created scientific and technological advances that have affected the welfare and well-being of humanity. Top research universities have also contributed to creating national wealth through the generation …

Research Universities and the Future of America : A Study by the National Academies

LW Challenges, Contributions

Today, our world has entered a period of rapid and profound economic, social and political transformation driven by knowledge and innovation. Educated people, the knowledge they produce and the innovation and entrepreneurial skills they possess have become the keys to economic prosperity, public health, national security and social well-being. It has become apparent that economic strength, prosperity and social welfare …

The Asian Tiger University Effect

LW Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance

A common wisdom is that we are now entering the Asian Century, having travelled the American century in the 1900s and the British century in the 1800s. This reflects the array of impressive economic indicators emerging in the East. As the Australia in the Asian Century white paper (Australian Government, 2012) notes, in the past 20 years alone China and …

The Challenge of Transition in Public Higher Education

LW Challenges, Contributions

The American Land-Grant University was established in 1863 when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Morrill Act into law. Setting aside federal land in the individual states for public universities, the idea behind the Act was to make higher education accessible for the first time to the broader American population in a concentrated effort to help the nation grow and develop …