The Future of universities-academic freedom – autonomy and competition revisited

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources

Over the last 50 years, universities and tertiary education have experienced a remarkable, unprecedented expansion. Europe, the continent with the oldest universities, provides a case in point: Before- World War II, only around 150,000 students were enrolled altogether in the U.K., France and Germany (Hobsbawm, 2013, p. 2). Nowadays, the area of London alone  

The impact of China’s economic rise

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources

China’s continuous economic rise in the last three decades has beenone of the most dramatic events in world history. In addition to liftinghundreds of millions people out of poverty, creating a huge middle class with increasing disposable income and modernizing China’s economic structure, this rise has also affected the rest of the world in many ways.

Fault Lines in the Compact : Higher Education and the Public Interest in the United States

LW Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources

The research university stands as one of the most admired and emulated of American institutions. Year after year, American universities dominate the international rankings of institutions of higher education. The demand for places in American programs continues to grow, and the quality of matriculating students continues to improve. The prospects for students graduating from American universities continue to strengthen, as …

Who is responsible for providing and paying for Higher Education

LW Contributions, Financial Resources

Higher education (HE), more than most other goods or services, can be provided either by the public sector or the market. It can be also paid for either by the State (the taxpayers or lenders) or by private interests (individuals, business or other private sources, e.g. foundations). This flexibility is rather unique. Even if is true that no goods or …

The Asian Tiger University Effect

LW Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance

A common wisdom is that we are now entering the Asian Century, having travelled the American century in the 1900s and the British century in the 1800s. This reflects the array of impressive economic indicators emerging in the East. As the Australia in the Asian Century white paper (Australian Government, 2012) notes, in the past 20 years alone China and …

How and where are dominant funding models steering HE & Research?

LW Contributions, Financial Resources

We are living in a time of great economic uncertainty where governments are providing our universities with less resource, yet at the same time expecting to exert greater influence, through increasing regulation and a more and more forensic focus on impact and value for money. At the same time, the world is facing a set of grand challenges that research-intensive …

Globalization, Universities and Sustainability Effects

GK Contributions, Financial Resources, Research & Innovation

More than ever, research universities live in an environment heavily impacted by the forces of  globalization. Their strategic thinking continues to be influenced by robust competition in critical areas such as funding, enrolment, recruitment and reputation, as well as by developments beyond their  national higher education systems.  

INTRODUCTION: Respice, Prospice Higher Education A Decennial Review

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

If “[a] week”, as the late British Prime Minister Harold Wilson once pointedly remarked, “is a long time in politics”, so also, a decade is a long time in higher education. It represents the graduation of two or three generations of students. It reflects the subtle influence of changing scholarly and research priorities and, for all the treasured independence of …

The Challenge to European Universities in the Emerging Global Marketplace

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources, Missions & Responsibilities

Although the topic for this paper implies a focus on Europe, the issues I want to address are by no means  limited to that continent. Without wishing to minimize the significance of national differences  and continental contexts, it is possible to discern a set of generic issues facing higher education systems  around the world which bear a distinct similarity. My …

Developed Universities and the Developing World: Opportunities and Obligations

GK Challenges, Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

Among the scores of books written during the past decade about globalization — so many, in fact, that  some by different authors bear the same title 1 — none has captured as many readers as Thomas L.  Freidman’s The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century (2005). It has sold several million copies  

Globalization, Public Policies and Higher Education

GK Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

Globalization and the attendant emergence of the global knowledge economy are exerting tremendous  pressures on universities around the world and reshaping some of their basic assumptions and activities. Although the size and shape of higher education systems differ considerably among nations, university-based research innovation and advanced technical and professional programmes are viewed as a key competitive resource in the rapidly …

The Organizational Challenge for European Universities facing Globalization

GK Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

The academic world is more global than ever: competition for talents, international mobility both of  students and faculty, diversification of funding are some of the main features of this changing  environment faced by universities. International rankings are blooming and contribute — despite their  obvious limitations — to globalization as well as competition.  

Building Singapore’s University Education System in a Globalized World

GK Contributions, Financial Resources, Governance, Missions & Responsibilities

Singapore is a small young nation with a relatively short history, becoming independent only in 1965.  Over the last 42 years, Singapore has moved from third world to first world and built a modern economy  with a per-capita income second in Asia only to that of Japan. This paper will chart the role that  education particularly university education has played …